Located in the heart of the Moselotte Valley between the Hohneck and Remiremont, the Musée du bois was born in 1989 thanks to a handful of volunteers. Installed on the remains of an old mill dating from the 18th century transformed into a sawmill.
The sawmill spans the Rupt de Bâmont in which it draws its energy. A Ø 4.20 m bucket wheel receives the water from this creek. The bucket wheel transmits its circular motion to the alternate vertical saw "Le Haut-fer". The invention of the alternative vertical saw dates back to the 15th century. The use of this "new technology" was brought about by the discovery of a major technique long ignored: the transformation of circular motion into alternating rectilinear motion.
Other types of saws previously existed known as "Block Saws". (13th century). The water wheel opposite is the heart of the sawmill. Without it no movement so no work. Most of the plants in the valley used the force of water to move the machines.
Hydraulic power was widely used at that time. A large number of catchments supplied the factories on the Rupt de Bâmont. The latter takes its source at the pass of Lansau (920 meters). Let us quote among other factories, a turnery, a sabotery. Little by little other machines have been added to the sawmill. Notably a Horizontal saw. The latter is connected to the other machines by the set of pulleys and belts. An impressive array of old tools completes the whole.